A CHALLENGING FEMALE POET: THE LOVE OF HOMELAND AND THE SIMILARS OF WAR IN THE DIVAN OF ADİLE SULTAN


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Authors

  • Bilge Arş.Gör.Dr., Çukurova Üniversitesi, Adana

Keywords:

XIX. Century, Adile Sultan, Divan poetry, Homeland, War-related analogies

Abstract

XIX. century, one of our female poets Adile Sultan, the thirty of Ottoman sultans, II. Mahmut's daughter. The period of II. Mahmut, was a period in which the Ottomans had problems with internal and external forces (Vehhabi movement, the case of Tepedelenli, the disturbances in Iraq, Anatolia and Rumelia, the rebellions of Serbs, Greeks, Wallachia and Bogdan, Egypt and Akka; The ambitions of janissary and statesmen). Adile Sultan saw only the last stages of the Egyptian issue. After that, lived in the period of Abdulmecid, Abdulaziz, V. Murad and II. Abdulhamid. Adile Sultan, considered the only woman poet of the Ottoman dynasty, was one of the last voices of the poetry of divan. The poet, who first lost her husband Mehmet Ali Pasha and then his daughter, devoted himself to religion and mysticism until the end of her life. This is why most of the poems of Adile Sultan, who has a dervish creation, have a religious-mystical appearance. The love of Ahl al-Bayt, praises to the elders of religion, the verses she wrote for her family occupied a large place in Divan, while she wrote penniless and slander for dynasty members. The life of death and the hereafter in the qasid and ghazals, doing good works in the world, exquisite struggle, abandoning the show, virtue, love has committed. However, in the era of reform, which saw the most important parts of the Tanzimat and Meşrutiyet periods, Adile Sultan's Divan homeland, as well as battlefields, victories, defeats about the metaphors (tear-soldier, opponent-enemy, ordeal-retreat the bowstring etc.) are seen frequently. In this study, the reflections of the battlefields to her poetry were examined after examining the couplets of Adile Sultan, who was seen to be a warrior identity most of the time, about the concept of homeland. The world of analogy on this subject has been tried to be classified and evaluated.

Published

2022-06-11

How to Cite

Bilge. (2022). A CHALLENGING FEMALE POET: THE LOVE OF HOMELAND AND THE SIMILARS OF WAR IN THE DIVAN OF ADİLE SULTAN. IKSAD JOURNAL, 5(18), 195–205. Retrieved from https://iksadjournal.com/index.php/iksad/article/view/115

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