THE CHANCE OF RESIDENTIAL SPACE OF CHILDREN UNDER PROTECTION FROM DORMITORIES TO HOUSES
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Keywords:Children in Need of Protection, Ward Type, House Type
Each society develops various policies for the protection of children in order to move their own future one step further and to provide social peace. When the potential for children's future shaping is taken into account; the child means the continuation of the family, and the continuation of the family means the continuation of the community. Children's physical and social needs within the scope of human rights and children's rights should be met at the highest level. For this reason, education, care, protection, preparation for the future, health and all investments to be made in these areas are a social responsibility that must be carried out by the state. The most vulnerable group of children in which these investments are carried out by the States is children under protection and care, which are included in disadvantaged groups. Throughout the years in our country, social integration of various physical structures has been tried to be provided in the socialization processes of children under protection and care. The main purpose of these institutions is to establish the most efficient system of how to ensure the social harmony of children in need of protection and how to raise children in the system of collective values. In this context, the physical spaces in which children are raised are among the most important factors in their development. For this reason, with the policies developed for children's services in recent years, the economic support for families with insufficient economic power has been tried to benefit from social services by supporting the families with the same kind of money and cash benefits before the children are protected, in order to remove obstacles in front of their physical and psychological development. In addition to this, in recent years, the dormitories and the houses where the children are raised have been closed, in other words the ward system has been abandoned and the home service models or the family service models have been applied. The domestic service model has emerged as a result of problems that need to be addressed such as the ward-type home and dormitory model, such as the inability of the child to prepare for the future, and the need for individuality and closer attention with fewer children. For this reason, the children who were taken for institutional care started to grow in the room system with fewer children from large and crowded wards, and they had the opportunity to create their own individual spaces. Home-based service models positively affect children's psychological, physiological and sociological development in many ways. It is one of the major positive results of this project that children should be easily adhered to social life, learning about neighborhood relations and establishing a healthy home environment after their institutional care. The main aim of this study is to reveal the positive and negative sides of the negativities observed in the physical condition of the children who were raised under protection and care by the laws of 5395 and 2828 in the past years and the new model of the home service models.
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